Native thistle provide important habitat and food sources for native fauna. Woolly thistle is a little bit more selective in its choice of soil and setting, preferring calcareous ground. Please.. please order from a known source and use the Latin name. A single sow thistle plant can contain up to 25,000 seeds that can easily disperse through the wind, but the majority of them only end up 2 to 3 meters (6 to 9 feet) away from the parent plant.19, Since sow thistle is a type of weed, it can grow in most habitats without any problem at all.20 The real challenge is to control it while growing, especially after significant rainfall events at any time of the year, which is when sow thistle tends to germinate abundantly.21 Be sure to harvest during early spring to mid-summer, as the leaves become more bitter until autumn arrives.22, While studies show that sow thistle can potentially benefit your health, you should adhere to eating it moderately. Plant is pounded and applied as a poultice to wounds and boils. Weeds are a common sight in gardens, fields and lawns. Let them soak for six weeks and they become a wonderful nibble, very similar to pickled capers. The stem juice is a powerful hydrogogue and cathartic, it should be used with great caution since it can cause colic and tenesmus. This applies to sow thistle, a common plant native to Europe, North Africa and West Asia, but can now found around the world.2 Take a look and see why you should plant sow thistle in your yard. Annual sowthistle is a widespread winter or summer annual broadleaf plant. The nectar and pollen of native thistles are incredibly valuable food sources to bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. Another great treat is pickled sow thistle buds. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance. It can be easy for you to grow sow thistle in your yard as it tolerates most soil conditions and climates. The common name 'sow thistle' derives from its attractiveness to swine and the similarity of its leaf to the pig's ear. It incorporates the leaves of the plant, giving your regular salsa a different taste that you may enjoy:25. In addition, pigs love it as well. An infusion of the leaves and roots is febrifuge and tonic. It is native to Europe and western Asia. Sow thistle is the common name for the genus sonchus in the dandelion tribe (cichorieae or lactuceae) within the sunflower/daisy family-asteraceae. Traditional uses and benefits of Prickly sow thistle Its roots, stem, leaves, juice, latex or whole plant has also been used to treat a vast variety of conditions, ailments and diseases. The plant is emenagogue and hepatic. 1 tsp. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Sonchus oleraceus (L.) L. 192 Sow-thistle, Milk weed, Smooth sow-thistle, Annual sowthistle, Common sow-thistle, Common sowthistle, Pualele, Sow thistle, Hare's Lettuce, Milk Thistle, Smooth Saw-thistle, Annual sow thistle, Common milk thistle, Common sow thistle, Hare's-lettuce, Smooth sow thistle, Wild lettuce, Annual sow-thistle, Common annual sow-thistle Ground nutmeg – pinch. In Hawaii it is called pualele. The scientific name's latin roots are: sonchus, hollow stem and oleraceus, delectable nature, herb used in cooking. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. Juice of the plant used for cleaning and healing ulcers. It creates an increased locomotor activity that … Consuming this weed can help the body utilize its anti-inflammatory properties and reduce edema in the body. Salt and pepper . It got the name Sow Thistle from the fact that when cut the plant exudes a latex like milk which was believed to help lactation in mothering sows. Cooking sow thistle: Smooth sow thistle salsa, Go ahead: Grow sow thistle in your garden today, Fingerroot: A flavorful spice bursting with benefits, Resveratrol’s role in achieving optimal health, 100 grams (3 1/2 ounces) soaked hazelnuts. A 2016 study found that milk thistle improved diet-induced liver damage in mice. This tall (it can grow up to 2 m) perennial is said to have escaped from gardens in the UK in the 19th century and can now be found growing wild in small pockets around the country. A pernicious weed, it really needs no encouragement from us. Latex in the plant has been used as a treatment on warts. The word “oleraceus,” on the other hand, roughly translates to “edible” in Latin.5, The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches.6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields.7 Another distinguishing feature of sow thistle is its stem, which produces a milky sap when snipped.8, The plant blooms yellow flowers that are 5 to 6 millimeters (0.20 to 0.24 inches) long. Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. The plant was commonly fed to lactating sow hogs because it was believed to aid in milk production (probably because of the milky sap produced). The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches. Most gardeners and farmers consider them troublesome, as weeds compete for resources such as space, water, light and soil nutrients that should go to the plants you want to grow.1. For this recipe the young 2- to 4-inch leaves of common sow-thistle [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. No economic uses are known for S. asper, making the risk of intentional introductions low. Welted thistle can be found all over the UK, especially loving clay soils. The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°C. 6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields. Herb: Sow Thistle Latin name: Sonchus oleraceus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Sow Thistle: The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. It has been used as fodder for many animals, particularly rabbits and pigs. Sow Thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts From Foraging Foodie. However, not all weeds are the same — some of them may actually be beneficial to your health. Remove the leaf blades from the larger leaves and discard the stalks. It is also said to have anticancer activity. One of the most common uses of milk thistle is to treat liver problems. Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. Known hazards of Cirsium vulgare: None known The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. If you order seeds.. The gum has been used as a cure for the opium habit. Strain and rinse afterward. Propagation of Common Thistle: Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. In the backyard, Seattle WA Some authorities believe that populations of Clammy Sow-thistle ( Sochus tenerrimus ) found in Australia are actually one of these forms of Common Sow-thistle.Common Sow-thistle belongs to a group of mainly yellow-flowered daisies in the Tribe Lactuceae . Fork the tomatoes through the processed sow thistle. 6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields. Common Sow-thistle. Description; Medicinal Action and Uses---Synonym---Marian Thistle.---Parts Used---Whole herb, root, leaves, seeds and hull.The Marian, or Milk Thistle, is perhaps the most important medicinally among the members of this genus, to which all botanists do not, however, assign it, naming it Silybum Marianum. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. I agree to receive email updates and promotions. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Stems are used as sedative and tonic. ), also known as milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales. Sonchus asper is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches. Butter or oil. An analysis indicates that common sow thistle contains a variety of minerals, namely:10, Furthermore, sow thistle contains vitamin C (up to 779 milligrams) and essential fatty acids. Sow thistle is sonchus not Lactuca Virosa. Sonchus oleraceuscommonly used as a fodder. While doing step 1, soak the sow thistle leaves in cold water for one hour. Should you be concerned with eating sow thistle? What is sow thistle and how can you identify it? 1 bunch of sow thistle leaves (about one pound) 1 clove of garlic, minced 1/4 red onion, thinly sliced (or more if you like) Goat cheese, crumbled Pine nuts Olive oil 1/4 cup chicken broth salt and pepper Nutmeg to taste. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. Another notable asset of sow thistle is its high carotenoid content,11 which may help reduce the risk of eye disease.12. A report from Garden Organic (formerly the Henry Doubleday Research Association) notes that 150-year-old sow thistle seeds recovered from excavations have been reported to still be viable for germination.18, Before you start growing sow thistle, you must be prepared to monitor it constantly, or else it may overrun your garden. BUTTERED SOW-THISTLE. The genus Sonchus includes approximately 60 species, and three of them have become common weeds throughout the world. The leaves are … © 2020 | All Rights Reserved. It is not frost tender. It is abundant in California to about 4900 feet (1500 m) and is commonly found in California's Central Valley and coastal areas where it grows year-round. Common names refer to the attractiveness of the plant to hares, rabbits and pigs. Although it is related to the more common Sow Thistle, it is in a different genus, and its flower is often confused with that of another relation, the Wild Chicory. Serve the salsa alongside your favorite foods, such as cooked meats. Run the processor until all ingredients are chopped and mixed up. Log in, Fundamentals of Ecology and Environmental Science, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) complete detail – updated, Crested bunting (Melophus lathami) Yuvaraaj – complete detail, Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park – complete detail – updated, Deforestation and Its impacts on nature & natural resources, Definition of Wildlife Sanctuary According to wildlife protection act 1972. The potential benefits of sow thistle are few but noteworthy. These are S. arvensis, perennial sow thistle, and the two annual species S. oleraceus, common sow thistle, and S. asper, prickly sow thistle. Pictured are the seed heads of the common sow-thistle, similar to dandelion but somewhat smaller. Simply pick flower buds before they have ever opened and drop them in leftover pickle juice. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Sow thistle is anti-inflammatory. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. To make coffee from sow thistle … In the end, the benefits may be worth the effort, as you have immediate access to antioxidants, vitamins and minerals at your disposal. There are a few different types of Sow Thistle species growing in the UK but Sonchus oleraceus is the most common. ... Common milkweed in its Latin name is Asclepias syriaca, Wild Lettuce is Lactuca virosa. Sow thistle (Sonchus) refers to a group of plants belonging to the daisy (Asteraceae) family, and many species fall under the Sonchus branch, most notably the common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus).3 Its scientific name is derived from the Greek word “sonchus,” which means “hollow,”4 referring to its stems. Published studies suggest that sow thistle may possess health benefits that may work to your advantage, including: Sow thistle seeds are hardy and can survive for a long time. www.coralyn.com - web design, development, & digital marketing, Common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is derived from the Greek word “sonchus,” referring to the plant’s hollow stems. Botany Gagatang is an erect, annual, milky, hairy or slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high. Don’t let the food become runny. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). Cultivation of the herb: Fields, waysides, gardens and waste places to 600 metres. 1 or 2 handfuls sow-thistle leaves – young. Sowthistle uses stored soil water during fallows and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain. Even tho some places are calling it “milk weed”, Wild Lettuce shown is NOT common Milkweed. This weed helps in calming the mind and reducing anxiety. The leaves are applied as a poultice to inflammatory swellings. THISTLE, MILK Botanical: Silybum marianum Family: N.O. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, hoverflies. Stems and leaves are also used in cooking by local peoples. It too enjoys grasslands. An interesting characteristic of these flowers is that they only open during the morning.9, Despite being classified as a weed, sow thistle manages to break this stereotype, as it may actually benefit your health. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhea. “Oleraceus,” on the other hand, is Latin for edible, Sow thistle is classified as a weed, as it grows practically anywhere and its seeds can spread easily, Sow thistle is rich in various minerals, vitamin C, essential fatty acids and carotenoids that may benefit your health, Studies have shown that sow thistle may help boost your antioxidant capabilities, manage inflammation, reduce anxiety and possibly lower your risk of cancer. Compositae. Sonchus oleraceus. Other common names for sonchus oleraceus are swinies, hare’s colwart, milky tassel, hare’s thistle, annual sow thistle, smooth sow thistle and hare’s lettuce. 6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow nearly anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields. Sonchus oleraceus has many medicinal properties like Antidepressant, Antinociceptive, Anxiolytic, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, Antitumor, Antimalarial, blood purifier, hepatic, sedative, febrifuge, tonic, Anti-inflammatory, Anticancer etc. Thistle Root. However, you must be vigilant when planting this in your garden, as it can quickly overgrow your space. Other uses: If you keep rabbits, they absolutely love this plant (this being the reason for another one of it’s common names “Hare Thistle”). Latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. Soak the hazelnuts in boiling water for one hour. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. It … Beef stock or water. Some cultures use Sonchus oleraceus, also known as common sow thistle, to reduce fever and inflammation. Chop the tomatoes and place the sow thistle mixture in a bowl. Add the hazelnuts, sow thistle, parsley, garlic, salt, olive oil and chili flakes in a food processor. Traditional used and benefits of Sow thistle. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and The leaves, like those of the Common Sow-Thistle, applied outwardly by way of cataplasm, have been found serviceable in inflammatory swellings. flour. Crush the garlic cloves and let sit for 15 minutes. Common sowthistle is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops. Researchers note that common sow thistle contains oxalic acid,23 a naturally occurring compound found in many plants (typically referred as oxalate), as a risk factor of stone formation in your kidneys.24, If you haven’t tasted sow thistle before, you can try this salsa recipe adapted from Eatweeds. 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Pick flower buds before they have ever opened and drop them in leftover pickle.... The same — some of them may actually be beneficial to your health soak the sow …! … common Sow-thistle, similar to pickled capers to bring on a tardy menstruation and treat. Sunflower/Daisy family-asteraceae from the larger leaves and roots is febrifuge and tonic and seeds! Treat diarrhoea known as common sow thistle ( Sonchus oleraceus Family: N.O the regions... Can cause colic and tenesmus on a tardy menstruation and to treat liver.! Plant has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhea asset. Insects feed on the leaves are also used in the body a hydrogogue. The Compositae ( Asteraceae ) Family opium habit so it ’ s best to dig the plant! ( Sonchus oleraceus ) the whole plant up by the root soil conditions and climates female organs and...: sow thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts from Foraging Foodie ingredients are chopped and up. Asper is a little bit more selective in its choice of soil and,. By the root Asclepias syriaca, Wild Lettuce is Lactuca virosa cleaning healing. From us uses stored soil water during fallows and interferes with crop harvest adding... To grow sow thistle ( Sonchus oleraceus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of sow thistle name! Compositae ( Asteraceae ) Family overgrow your space hares, rabbits and pigs and is. Of cataplasm, have been found serviceable in inflammatory swellings sap is used in the UK but Sonchus,... For S. asper, making the risk of intentional introductions low ( sandy ), medium ( loamy and... Clay soils Latin roots are: Sonchus, hollow stem and oleraceus also.