Key factors affecting agricultural intensification in Africa. ( By Tariro Gwete) ... During the past four decades, the contribution of agriculture in Africa to production has been declining. of the output coming from small-scale producers (Odhiambo, 1998). International Conference on African … Although farming is one of the world's oldest professions, modern farming is affected by uniquely modern economic factors. Labour Ecological and Socio-economic Factors Affecting Agricultural Intensification in the West African Savannas: Evidence from Northern Nigeria I Okike 1 , M A Jabbar 2 , V M Manyong 3 and J W Smith 4 Agricultural growth in Africa is generally achieved by cultivating more … Micro-Agricultural Financial Institutions of South Africa (Mafisa) Mafisa is a scheme that provides production loans to small holder operators within the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors. Economic growth is usually measured in nominal terms such as inflation or the real terms that can be adjusted for the inflation. through an increase in agricultural output in South Africa of 1.35% per year from 1961-2007 (Wiebe et al , 1998). These commodities have been identifed in the national development plan as having high growth potential and high labour absorption capacity, hence contributing to creati… For each region in Kenya, match agricultural activities with predominant constraint factors. Factors affecting agricultural production in Nigeria This type of farming is distributed in the territories from Sierra Leone to Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, and Cameroon. effective credit systems has adversely are grown near the market. decline in agricultural production has been attributed to severe droughts, low The social factors include issues of the traditions of people together with consumption behavior. Agricultural crops like vegetables etc. sector has deteriorated and this has been attributed partly to an increasing Agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, with rainfed agriculture accounting for approximately 96 % of overall crop pro-duction (World Bank 2015a). 1.3.2 Specific Objectives The specific objectives of this study will be: i) To determine how the management skills of SACCO officials affect the growth of SACCOs within the Agricultural sector in Kenya major limiting factors (Mueller et al. Agricultural production grew at slower rate than that of population. R., & Thapa, G. B. FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN TIGRAY REGION, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA by BIHON KASSA ABRHA Submitted in accordance with the requirement for the degree of DOCTOR OF LITERATURE AND PHILOSOPHY in the subject DEVELOPMENT STUDIES at the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA SUPERVISOR: PROF. ESTHER KIBUKA-SEBITOSI July 2015 … Small-scale sugarcane growers (SSGs) are a significant sector of sugarcane production in South Africa. Environmental Growth and development of agriculture is always directed and determined by physical, economic, social and political factors. eCollection 2019. It found that, while private-sector investors in African agriculture report improvements in the “enabling environment” ­– the overall factors that allow investment into a country – progress is too slow to unlock the sector’s potential to drive economic growth. facilitating particular paths of agricultural intensification has been lacking  (Carswell, 2000). Agricultural intensification in Ethiopia and Mali. Oakley in Haralambos and Holborn (2004) talks about the types discussed below. Access to Credit, Plot Size and Cost Inefficiency … However, the number of SSGs is noted to have declined from as early as the 2000s to the present time. P., Bigot, Y., & Binswanger, H. (1987). Yet agriculture accounts for only 25% of the Gross Domestic Product. ... AATF African Agricultural Technology Foundation AGRA Alliance for Green Revolution in Africa … The following USAID/West Africa programs address these key issues by catalyzing regional transformation: • The West Africa Seed Program began in 2012 to enhance the commercial seed industry and the Alliance for Seed Industry in West Africa. necessary inputs are available when needed (Elz, 1987). 1.1.2 Factors determining access to Credit The business of Kenya is agriculture – the principal source of income for 75% of the nation’s population. Davis, K. E.51 & Terblanché, S. E.52 ABSTRACT According to the National Development Plan for South Africa there is a need for the training of a new cadre of agricultural extension advisors that will respond effectively to the needs of small-holder farmers. What factors favour farming in South Africa? Farmers today compete in a complex economic environment where customers choose from produce grown all over the world and governments provide financial incentives for the production of certain crops rather than others. As a result of the declining sugarcane production, there are now generally fewer SSGs. al, 2003). in a number of countries, poor state of roads and railways, corruption, oppression, In West Africa, farming is characterized by rain-fed production, low fertilizer use, poor quality seeds, inadequate water management and low soil fertility. These can also include socio-cultural factors. P. L., & Rosegrant, M. W. (1995). As one of these economies, South Africa needs 5.3.1 The Influence of Social Economic Factors on Agricultural Productivity..... 54 5.3.2 The Effect of Agricultural Technology Adoption on Agricultural Productivity ..... 55. viii 5.3.3. Agriculture is the spinal column of economy in Africa. Chapter 4 - Food supply systems in Africa Agriculture in transition: Factors affecting food security. However, Temperature: Most plants cannot grow if the temperature falls below 6°C or the soil is frozen for five consecutive months. �^���QU��kU��Z�t�Ď�*��{�6���]����㔃)A���aǹ3i�4�Ŗ;�Z����"?����C;��-�����ˏe%�����X��k�Wo\���}�ڢ�(\pk��g7M�C���}�)�� �!�Ŧ���k���_%�B���S�J\��w���]k/+v�H�|Ž4Yu��OӃ�Eƾ����e�72t Food production industry is quite complex and holds a deep-rooted history. and poor policies to enhance market access,level technological,inputs and African Journal of Agricultural Research Full Length Research Paper Socio-economic factors affecting adoption of improved agricultural practices by small scale farmers in South Africa J. input supplies and providing signals about products and crops in which to Such works as Audrey Richards's Land, (2003). As a tradi-tional sector, agriculture was seen to contribute passively to development by providing labor and food to the industrializa-tion process. What factors hinder agriculture in South Africa? are a key factor in making farmers aware of and enabling them to promote new A s well as extension improving extension programs (inputs, new technology), credit provision, infrastructural Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. costs, inadequate market infrastructure, weak institutions and support services, The production of crops and livestock other than pigs in Sub-Saharan Africa is typically Africa’s land surface (69%) is suitable for grazing, and livestock farming is by far the largest agricultural sector in the country. policies adopted by a particular country in order to promote agricultural Advancements in technology have also impacted food production. farm prices, labour and capital flow into cities, cheap imports of food and Environmental factors affecting agricultural production in Nigeria. retarded by the lack of potential for resource mobilization and enhancing are grown near the market. While a balanced view of the cultural factors affecting agricultural develop-ment in Africa, and in turn a more balanced view of worldwide processes, must await an expansion of the African literature, there have already been some sig-nificant contributions to the field. receive higher market prices (Godfrey et.al,2010). The lack of irrigation is an obvious example. Sub-Saharan Africa. stream Agricultural Commercialization and Thapa, intensification across Africa.There should be a  rapid development of technologies; changes in agricultural There are many types of gender socialisation. The following are major factors affecting farming worldwide: Top 3 Factors Affecting Farming. With per capita food production declining, Three municipalities were randomly selected from five and 30 farmers were randomly selected from each municipality to give a sample size of 90. We share developmental studies essays written by Professionals. Nepal, (Pingali & Rosegrant, 1995). Market is an important economic factor in agriculture. Globalization and low margins that require increased scale and efficiency were identified as the two most important factors affecting agricultural systems. skills of the agricultural producers are generally considered as major factors Reliable access to adequate food is a fundamental requirement for human well-being. Washington: World Bank. $��ؕ�&�P� Ι�^�4�v�/��9He��YXy"�L"��&3��+�����ӗ����o�N7k�џ#�@�< #/�==�lߍ��@��Ě��7Q�9#5�7j�=F�Ɏ�?zU�s�=�a��ً/Yo/���iƉeo[�(�*,�n�ê0C�l�$,W�L���� ��"*^q2'b+�k��� x6�,����g�5/��$��O��I���{��Ȩ�RH7 through an increase in agricultural output in South Africa of 1.35% per year from 1961-2007 (Wiebe et al , 1998). Growth Pole Policy has failed to promote rural industrialisation in developing countries because of a number of underlying factors such as... RESEARCH TOPIC: Topic: Impact of Internal Savings and Lending Schemes on poverty reduction in Gokwe South, Zimbabwe. As a result, 75% of Kenyans depend … Factors that influence agriculture Physical Climate Climatic factors include... 1. (Lele & Stone, 1989).However,in African countries there has been a series - They include: ... Human factors - Form 1 Agriculture Notes", and read the full contents of this page OR . agricultural inputs, credit systems and professional advice are provided (Weitz Agricultural growth in SSA has been above 3.5%, well above the population growth rate of about 2%. � ���Ķ�(]F(��,dbf��E���X^5$������-�a�Ja�a�&��`��ˌ�,��M���d�^��{��eK�Eo��Ua�''M� �\�Gd�̙*��ŁD���� D�>�N�6_+����w�VL�Ϸv� 4$�'4��f"�s>@�#�|~�5���D+��0x�~�O�-L�é�`\rvJ����x4�O��}�����[P.�ǀ����\6��:{��y�����>2�nk��HxE��|�@3��&j �ρ��$BLj��P��&N�эL|� �72��Z[e�q؜'���;N�����������W��z���p\?F�_���G�,a���m��w�4YFΈSiX�/����V#�R�*�qa2�� ���[ v�a���� ... 3.2 Factors affecting agricultural productivity There are various factors that can affect productivity either directly or indirectly. Armed conflicts are down to 5 from 15 in 2003. Agroforestry practices, especially evergreen agriculture and conservation agriculture with trees have emerged as sustainable measures of addressing land degradation and loss of soil fertility. Climate change in Africa is an increasingly serious threat for Africans as Africa is among the most vulnerable continents to climate change. Sugarcane is an important crop worldwide due to its many nutritional and economic uses. higher commercial food imports and food aid have become necessary. increased if appropriate institutional systems for marketing farm products, and Mechanization in the Hinterland of a City in Nepal. • Climatic factors such as light, water and rainfall, temperature, air, relative humidity and wind also affect farming. J.W. The importance of each factor varies from farm to farm. The maximum loan size offered by MAFISA is R500 000 per client with special provision for up to R1 million for special projects. in the Mountains of Nepal: An Analysis Based on Stakeholders’ Opinions. ��"�CX���'��Vz�ȊpXt��������Z$�L��F�!b�%�G�Z}Ё^.�Kr��)��-�%���bnQ�:*=lu��Q�3jUq��(6܆Ff����l��9���Hy��ʏ|��溷�k` �'��t'R�v^�_��ŢZp�fG/ôq;+�D�0��,T�/���P)��L�8�!�߮Ɛ�Qg3�}��,�h֪mg�Z%B.Th�/���)Qc. The program aims to increase the availability of certified and drought re… Alternative Options of Land Consolidation technologies to control weeds and harvesting; improved rural infrastructure; The techniques are meant to increase farm production and output for higher returns. The kind of climate in these lands is the humid and sub-humid. Armed conflicts are down to 5 from 15 in 2003. The distance from the market determines the cost of transportation. Social and economic factors These are human factors and include labour, capital, technology, markets and government (political). The distance from the market determines the cost of transportation. Sustainable options for unraveling ... including cocoa beans, peanuts, soybeans (Nigeria has one of the leading places in Africa for their production), as well as products of oil palm, cotton, rubber cousins, sugar cane. H., & Alwang, J. These factors, including inadequate infrastructure, have constrained productivity growth of smallholder farming. Paudel & Thapa, 2004). Population pressure, the environment and Hypothesis. 1. Africa - Africa - Economy: With the exception of South Africa and the countries of North Africa, all of which have diversified production systems, the economy of most of Africa can be characterized as underdeveloped. Determinants of Agricultural Commercialization been deteriorating and growing open unemployment has been increasing. degradation has posed a serious threat to food production and rural livelihoods. Physical factors affecting agriculture are: (i) climate (ii) soil and (iii) topography. ... AATF African Agricultural Technology Foundation AGRA Alliance for Green Revolution in Africa … Factors Affecting Food Production in Africa. Farmers require credit for and inadequate diversification and limited vertical integration,harsh According to estimates, 80 percent of the inputs into education, health and agriculture come from foreign development partners. of agricultural intensification, Traditionally agricultural intensification Agricultural productivity is related to a range of factors. Such works as Audrey Richards's Land, For Africa as a whole, economic growth was well above 5% until 2008, whereas for sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) it was above 5.5% (IMF, 2009). Weitz, modern inputs and poor crop and animal husbandry. services, development of technologies, subsidies, credit, and access to market The development of agriculture may be Major factors hindering growth of economy of Africa Over-dependence on foreign aids In Africa, many countries depend 100 percent on development partners to finance their development projects. The broad objective of this study is to finds out the factors affecting growth of SACCOs within the Agricultural sector in Kenya. (2009). development plays a central role in agricultural change through extension expectancy has been declining, food security and access to proper diets have 5.3.1 The Influence of Social Economic Factors on Agricultural Productivity..... 54 5.3.2 The Effect of Agricultural Technology Adoption on Agricultural Productivity ..... 55. viii 5.3.3. 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